Acids space able to donate protons whereas bases can donate hydroxyl groups. The basic acid-base reaction will be a double-replacement reaction in i beg your pardon the proton of the mountain binds the hydroxide of thee base, and the cation that the base binds the anion that the mountain to kind a salt. The assets of this reaction space a salt and water. This is called a neutralization reaction.
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Every acid has a conjugate base and every base has a conjugate acid. For any acid, the conjugate basic is the negatively fee ion the is produced when the acid dissociates in solution.
Nitric acid dissociates in solution based on the following reaction:
The nitrate ion,
A salt will certainly dissolve in water completely, existing together the individual ions that consist of the compound. These ions can be assumed of together the conjugate bases and also acids that an outcome from the dissociation of the reactant acids and also bases. If the conjugate acid of a weak base is present in the solution, then it will become deprotonated, release protons right into the water and also lowering the pH. Come answer this question, us are looking for a salt in which one of the ions created is a conjugate mountain of a weak base. Let"s look at a couple of examples in order to discover the appropriate answer:
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