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You are watching: Prostat/o medical term


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prosect (pro-sekt′)To dissect a cadaver or any part, the it might serve for a show of anatomy before a class. prosector (pro′sek′ter)One that prosects, or prepares the material for a demonstration of anatomy prior to a class.prosectorium (pro′sek-to′re-um)A dissecting room; a place in which anatomical prepare are produced demonstration or for conservation in a museum. prosencephalon (pros-en-sef′a-lon) The anterior primitive cerebral vesicle and the many rostral the the 3 primary mind vesicles of the embryonic neural tube; the subdivides to type the diencephalon and telencephalon. SYN: forebrain vesicle&star, forebrain&star, proencephalon. ProskauerBernhard, German bacteriologist, 1851–1915. Check out Voges-P. Reaction.prosodemic (pros-o-dem′ik)Denoting a disease that is sent directly from human being to person. prosody (proz′o-dy)The differing rhythm, stress, and also frequency the speech that aids an interpretation transmission.prosop-See prosopo-.prosopagnosia (pros′o-pag-no′se-a)Difficulty in recognizing acquainted faces. prosopagus (pro-sop′a-gus)SYN: prosopopagus.prosopectasia (pros′o-pek-ta′ze-a)Enlargement the the face, together in acromegaly. prosoplasia (pros-o-pla′ze-a)Progressive transformation, such together the change of cell of the salivary ducts into secreting cells. Check out cytomorphosis. prosopo-, prosop-The face. View ALSO: facio-. prosopoanoschisis (pros′o-po-a-nos′ki-sis)SYN: facial cleft. prosopopagus (pros-o-pop′a-gus)Unequal conjoined twins in which the parasite, in the type of a tumorlike mass, is attached to the orbit or cheek the the autosite. View conjoined twins, under twin. SYN: prosopagus. prosoposchisis (pros-o-pos′ki-sis)Congenital facial cleft indigenous mouth come the inner canthus the the eye. SYN: oblique facial cleft. prosopothoracopagus (pros′o-po-thor-a-kop′a-gus)Conjoined pair attached by the face and chest; a range of cephalothoracopagus. View conjoined twins, under twin. prostacyclin (pros-ta-si′klin)A potent organic inhibitor that platelet aggregation and a powerful vasodilator. SYN: epoprostenol, epoprostenol sodium.prostaglandin (PG) (pros-ta-glan′din)Any that a course of physiologically active substances present in numerous tissues, with effects such together vasodilation, vasoconstriction, stimulation of minister or bronchial smooth muscle, uterine stimulation, and also antagonism to hormones affecting lipid metabolism. Prostaglandins are prostanoic acids through side chains of varying degrees of unsaturation and also varying levels of oxidation. Frequently abbreviated PGA, PGB, PGC, PGD, etc. With numeric subscripts, follow to structure. p. E1 SYN: alprostadil. P. E2 SYN: dinoprostone. P. Endoperoxide synthase a protein complicated that catalyzes two steps in p. Biosynthesis; the cyclooxygenase task (which is inhibited by aspirin and indomethacin) switch arachidonate and 2O2 to p. G2; the hydroperoxidase activity uses glutathione to transform p. G2 come p. H2. SYN: cyclooxygenase. P. F2α SYN: dinoprost. P. F2α tromethamine SYN: dinoprost tromethamine.prostanoic acid (pros′ta-no-ik)The 20-carbon mountain that is the skeleton that the prostaglandins, with miscellaneous hydroxyl and keto substitutions at positions 9, 11, and also 15, and twin bonds in the long aliphatic chains.prostanoids (pros′ta-noids)Derivatives that prostanoic acid; e.g., prostaglandins, thromboxanes, etc.prostat-See prostato-.prostata (pros′tah-ta) SYN: prostate. prostatalgia (pros-ta-tal′je-a)A rarely offered term because that pain in the area that the prostate gland. prostate (pros′tat) A chestnut-shaped body, surrounding the beginning of the urethra in the male, that is composed of 2 lateral lobes linked anteriorly by one isthmus and posteriorly by a center lobe lying above and between the ejaculatory ducts. In structure, the p. Is composed of 30–50 link tubuloalveolar glands between which is plentiful stroma consist of of collagen and also elastic fibers and also many smooth muscle bundles. The secretion of the glands is a milky fluid that is discharged by excretory ducts into the prostatic urethra at the moment of the emission of semen. SYN: prostata , glandula prostatica, p. Gland. Mrs p. Term sometimes applied to the periurethral glands in the upper component of the urethra in the female.prostatectomy (pros-ta-tek′to-me)Removal the a part or every one of the prostate. prostatic (pros-tat′ik)Relating come the prostate.prostaticovesical (pros-tat′i-ko-ves′i-kal)Relating come the prostate and the bladder.prostatism (pros′ta-tizm)A clinical syndrome, arising mostly in enlarge men, usually caused by enlargement that the prostate gland and manifested through irritative (nocturia, frequency, decreased voided volume, sensory urgency, and urgency incontinence) and obstructive (hesitancy, reduced stream, terminal dribbling, twin voiding, and urinary retention) symptoms.prostatitis (pros-ta-ti′tis)Inflammation that the prostate. The NIH consensus designates 4 category of p.: I, acute bacter p.; II, chronic bacter p.; III, chronic p./chronic pelvic pains syndrome: A, inflammatory and B, noninflammatory; and also IV, asymptomatic inflammation p. prostato-, prostat-The prostate gland. prostatocystitis (pros′ta-to-sis-ti′tis)Inflammation of the prostate and the bladder; cystitis by extension of inflammation native the prostatic urethra. prostatodynia (pros′ta-to-din′e-a)A rarely supplied term because that prostatalgia. prostatolith (pros-tat′o-lith)SYN: prostatic calculus. prostatolithotomy (pros′ta-to-li-thot′o-me, pros-tat′o-)Incision the the prostate for removal of a calculus. prostatomegaly (pros′ta-to-meg′a-le)Enlargement of the prostate gland. prostatomy (pros-tat′o-me)SYN: prostatotomy.prostatorrhea (pros′ta-to-re′a)An abnormal discharge the prostatic fluid. prostatoseminalvesiculectomy (pros′ta-to-sem′i-nal-ve-sik-u-lek′to-me)SYN: prostatovesiculectomy.prostatotomy (pros′ta-tot′o-me)An incision into the prostate. SYN: prostatomy. prostatovesiculectomy (pros′ta-to-ve-sik′u-lek′to-me)Surgical remove of the prostate gland and also seminal vesicles. SYN: prostatoseminalvesiculectomy.prostatovesiculitis (pros′ta-to-ve-sik′u-li′tis)Inflammation that the prostate gland and seminal vesicles.prosternation (pros-ter-na′shun)SYN: camptocormia.prostheon (pros′the-on)SYN: prosthion.prosthesis, pl .prostheses (pros′the-sis, -sez; pros-the′sis)Fabricated substitute for a damaged or missing component of the body. hear p. Generic term for implantable tools to gain back sound perception come the deaf, the most common of i beg your pardon is the cochlear implant; a brainstem implant to stimulate the neurons of the cochlear cell core is under development. Cardiac valve p. Valve (2) . Cochlear p. SYN: cochlear implant. Critical p. A dental p. To be offered over a prescribed duration of time. Dentist p. An artificial replacement that one or much more teeth and/or connected structures. Check out ALSO: denture. Heart valve p. Replacement of a cardiac valve gotten rid of for disease by either a mechanical or a biologically derived man-made valve. Hybrid p. SYN: overlay denture. Mandibular overview p. A p. V an extension designed to direct a resected mandible right into a sensible relation with the maxilla. Ocular p. An man-made eye or implant. Penile p. An equipment placed inside prick to correct erectile failure. Provisional p. An interim dental p. Worn for varying periods of time. Operation p. One appliance prepared as an help or together a component of a surgical procedure, such together a love valve, cranial plate, or artificial joint replacement. Testicular p. SYN: testicular implant. Tilting disk valve p. A low-profile man-made heart valve use a caged disk the tilts to open throughout systole.prosthetic (pros-thet′ik)1. Relating to a prosthesis or to an artificial part. 2. Watch p. Group.prosthetics (pros-thet′iks)The art and also science of making and also adjusting synthetic parts the the person body, see anaplastology. Dentist p. SYN: prosthodontics. Maxillofacial p. That branch of dentistry that offers prostheses or tools to treat or gain back tissues the the stomatognathic system and associated facial frameworks that have actually been influenced by disease, injury, surgery, or congenital defect, to provide all possible function and also esthetics.prosthetist (pros′the-tist)One professional in constructing and also fitting prostheses.prosthetophacos (pros′the-to-fak′os)SYN: lenticulus. prosthion (pros′the-on)The most anterior point on the maxillary alveolar process in the midline. SYN: alveolar point, prostheon. prosthodontia (pros-tho-don′she-a)SYN: prosthodontics. prosthodontics (pros-tho-don′tiks)The science of and also art the providing an ideal substitutes because that the coronal sections of teeth, or for one or more lost or lacking teeth and also their associated parts, in order the impaired function, appearance, comfort, and also health the the patient may be restored. SYN: dentist prosthetics, prosthetic dentistry, prosthodontia. prosthodontist (pros-tho-don′tist)A dentist engaged in the practice of prosthodontics.Prosthogonimus macrorchis (pros′tho-gon′i-mus mak-ror′kis)A digenetic trematode (family Prosthogonimidae) situated in the oviduct and also bursa fabricii the poultry in phibìc America, an especially common in claims bordering the good Lakes. prosthokeratoplasty (pros′tho-ker′a-to-plas-te)The surgical method involved in making use of a keratoprosthesis.prostration (pros-tra′shun)A marked loss of strength, as in exhaustion. warm p. Warmth exhaustion.prot-See proteo-, proto-.protactinium (Pa) (pro-tak-tin′e-um)A radiation element, atomic no. 91, atomic wt. 231.03588, created in the decay of uranium and also thorium; its most long-lived isotope, 231Pa, has actually a half-life of 32,500 years. SYN: proactinium, protoactinium. protalbumose (pro-tal′bu-mos)Intermediate products of protein digestion, acquired from hemialbumose; soluble in water and also not coagulable by heat, yet precipitated through ammonium sulfate, cupric sulfate, and also sodium chloride. SYN: protoalbumose.protaminase (pro-tam′i-nas)SYN: carboxypeptidase B.protamine (pro′ta-men, -min)Any that a class of proteins, highly an easy because rich in l-arginine and also simpler in constitution than the albumins and also globulins, etc., found in fish spermatozoa in mix with main point acid; the protamines have a histonelike role and are current in the sperm of all mammals; neutralizes anticoagulant activity of heparin; supplied in the ready of numerous long-acting insulin preparations. P. Sulfate a purified mixture of straightforward protein values from the sperm or testes the suitable types of fish; that is a heparin antagonist supplied in specific hemorrhagic states associated with increased quantities of heparin-like building material in the circulation and for the treatment of heparin overdosage.protanomaly (pro′ta-nom′a-le)A deficiency of shade perception in which the red-sensitive colours in cap is decreased. protanopia (pro′ta-no′pe-a)A kind of dichromatism characterized by absence of the red-sensitive colours in cones, reduced luminosity for lengthy wavelengths that light, and also confusion in recognition of red and also green. protean (pro′te-an)Changeable in form; having the strength to change body form, like the ameba. protease (pro′te-as)Descriptive term for proteolytic enzymes, both endopeptidases and also exopeptidases; enzymes that hydrolize (break) polypeptide chains. Lon p. (pro′te-as) an enzyme the degrades a bacter protein and also stops cell division until chromosomal fix is completed. Tricorn p. A p. Found in organisms lacking membrane-bound compartments that develops the main point of a modular proteolytic system used to generate multicatalytic activities in a controlled manner.protection (pro-tek′shun)SYN: security block. protectorA sheathe or shield. listening protectors occlusive tools for the exterior auditory canal made of pliable material or liquid (usually glycerin)-filled ear muffs for protection against noise-induced hear loss.Proteeae (pro′te-e)A people within the bacterial family Enterobacteriaceae that includes the three genera: Proteus, Morganella, and Providencia.protein (p) (pro′ten, pro′te-in)Macromolecules consist of of long sequences that α-amino acids in peptide (amide) linkage (elimination the H2O in between the α-NH2 and α-COOH of succeeding residues). P. Is three-fourths of the dry weight of most cell matter and is connected in structures, hormones, enzymes, muscle contraction, immunologic response, and essential life functions. The amino acids involved are normally the 20 α-amino mountain (glycine, l-alanine, etc.) known by the genetic code. Cross-links yielding globular develops of p. Are regularly effected with the –SH groups of 2 l-cysteinyl residues, as well as by noncovalent forces (hydrogen bonds, lipophilic attractions, etc.). p. 4.1 a peripheral p. That binds tightly to spectrin in the red cell membrane; it also binds to details glycophorins and also helps identify the shape and also flexibility the the red blood cell. P. A a component of some strains of Staphyloccocus aureus. Acute phase p. Plasma proteins linked with inflammation consisting of C-reactive p. (CRP), mannose-binding p., serum amyloid p component, α1-antitrypsin, fibrinogen, ceruloplasmin, and also complement components C9 and factor B, the concentration of which rise in response to interleukins 1, 6, and 11. Acyl transport p. (ACP) among the proteins of the complex in cytoplasm the contains every one of the enzymes required to convert acetyl-CoA (and, in particular cases, butyryl-CoA or propionyl-CoA) and also malonyl-CoA to palmitic acid. This facility is strictly bound with each other in mammalian tissues and in yeast, yet that native Escherichia coli is easily dissociated. The ACP thus isolated is a heat-stable p. Through a molecular load of around 10,000. It includes a complimentary –SH that binds the acyl intermediates in the synthetic of fatty acids as thioesters. This –SH group is part of a 4′-phosphopantetheine, included to the apoprotein by ACP phosphodiesterase, which therefore plays the same function that it does in coenzyme A. ACP is affiliated in every step of the fatty acid fabricated process. Amyloid p. Amyloid. Androgen binding p. (ABP) a p. Secreted through testicular Sertoli cells in addition to inhibin and müllerian inhibiting substance. Androgen binding p. More than likely maintains a high concentration of androgen in the seminiferous tubules. Antitermination p. A p. The permits RNA polymerase to transcribe through particular termination sites. Antitumor p. A p. That inhibits tumor growth. Antiviral p. (AVP) a human or pet factor, induced through interferon in virus-infected cells, i m sorry mediates interferon inhibition that virus replication. Autologous p. Any kind of p. Found normally in the fluids or organization of the body. Straightforward proteins proteins that space rich in simple amino acids; E.G., histones. Bence Jones protein proteins with unusual thermosolubility discovered in the urine of patients v multiple myeloma, consist of of monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains. Check out Bence Jones reaction. See ALSO: immunoglobulin. bone Gla p. (BGP) SYN: osteocalcin. P. C a vitamin K–dependent glycoprotein the inhibits coagulation by enzymatic cleavage that the activated creates of determinants V and also VIII, and also thus interferes with the regulation that intravascular clot formation; a deficiency that p. C leader to impaired regulation that blood coagulation. Over there is one autosomal leading deficiency that, like antithrombin III deficiency and plasminogen deficiency, is associated with an increased risk of significant or premature thrombosis. CAMP receptor p. (CRP) SYN: catabolite (gene) activator p.. Capping proteins proteins that tie to one end of actin filaments, preventing both enhancement and loss of actin monomers. Catabolite (gene) activator p. (CAP) a p. That deserve to be caused by cAMP, whereupon it affects the action of RNA polymerase through binding it through it or near it ~ above the DNA to it is in transcribed. SYN: cAMP receptor p., catabolite gene activator. Cholesterol ester deliver proteins a p. The transports cholesterol esters native HDL to VLDL and also LDL; a deficiency that this p. Is connected with elevated HDL cholesterol. Circumsporozoite p. Among two protein (the various other is thrombospondin-related adhesive p.) connected in sporozoite acknowledgment of host cells in malaria. Cis-acting p. A p. That acts upon the molecule of DNA indigenous which it was expressed. Link p. SYN: conjugated p.. Conjugated p. P. Attached to some other molecule or molecule (not amino acid in nature) otherwise 보다 as a salt; e.g., flavoproteins; chromoproteins, hemoglobins. Check out ALSO: prosthetic group. Cf.:simple p.. SYN: compound p.. Copper p. A p. Comprise one or more copper ions; E.G., cytochrome c oxidase, phenol oxidase. Corticosteroid-binding p. SYN: transcortin. C-reactive p. (CRP) a β-globulin discovered in the serum of various persons with certain inflammatory, degenerative, and neoplastic diseases; although the p. Is no a specific antibody, that precipitates in vitro the C polysaccharide existing in all types of pneumococci. Denatured p. A p. Whose qualities or properties have actually been changed in some way, together by heat, enzyme action, or chemicals, and also in for this reason doing has actually lost its biological activity. Acquired p. A derivative that p. Effected by chemical change, e.g., hydrolysis. Docking p. In the process of translating protein that are to it is in secreted from the cell, translate into is arrested until the farming polypeptide chain the is complexed by a certain particle (signal acknowledgment particle) come in call with this integral p. Of the absorbent reticulum. Encephalithogenic p. An important p. In the central nervous system. SYN: myelin p. A1. Eosinophil cationic p. (ECP) p. The level of i m sorry in serum of clotted blood reflects the rate of activation of circulating eosinophils. Extrinsic proteins SYN: peripheral proteins. Fat acid–binding p. SYN: Z-p.. Fibrous p. Any type of insoluble p., including the collagens, elastins, and keratins, involved in structure or fibrous tissues. Foreign p. A p. The differs from any type of p. Normally discovered in the organism in question. SYN: heterologous p.. G proteins intracellular membrane-associated proteins caused by numerous ( e.g., β-adrenergic) receptors; they offer as 2nd messengers or transducers of the receptor-initiated solution to intracellular elements such together enzymes to initiate an effect. These proteins have actually a high affinity because that guanine nucleotides and hence are called G proteins. SYN: G-p., GTP binding proteins. G-p. SYN: G proteins. Glial fibrillary acidic p. A cytoskeletal p. Of 51 kd uncovered in fibrous astrocytes; stains because that this p. Are commonly used to assist in the differential diagnosis the neurologic lesions. Globular p. Any kind of p. Dissolve in water, typically with added acid, alkali, salt, or ethanol, and roughly for this reason classified (albumins, globulins, histones, and protamines), in contrast to fibrous p.. GTP binding protein SYN: G proteins. Heat shock proteins (hsp) particular proteins who synthesis is increased automatically after sudden elevation of temperature; their duty is to assist diminish the harmful effects of high temperature. Heterologous p. SYN: international p.. Homologous proteins proteins having actually a very similar primary, secondary, and tertiary structure. Immune p. SYN: antibody. Integral proteins proteins the cannot be easily separated native a biomembrane. SYN: intrinsic proteins. Intrinsic proteins SYN: integral proteins. Iron-sulfur protein proteins include one or an ext iron atoms that are attached to sulfur bridges and/or sulfur the cysteinyl residues; e.g., particular proteins in the electron deliver pathway. P. Kinase C any kind of of a variety of cytoplasmic calcium-activated kinases associated in countless processes, consisting of hormonal binding, platelet activation, and also tumor promotion. P. Kinases a class of enzymes that phosphorylates various other proteins; plenty of of this kinases are responsive to various other effectors ( e.g., cAMP, cGMP, insulin, epidermal development factor, calcium and also calmodulin, calcium and also phospholipids). Implicitly membrane p. (LMP) gene product of Epstein-Barr virus. Low molecular weight proteins (LMP) gene assets that are materials of proteosomes. M p. 1. SYN: Streptococcus M antigen. Check out ALSO: β-hemolytic streptococci, under streptococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae. 2. SYN: monoclonal immunoglobulin. Macrophage inflammation p. (MIP) (mak′ro-faj in′flam-ma-to-re) a member that the chemokine family that is chemotactic for details lymphocyte subsets such as T cytotoxic cells. Mannose-binding p. A p. Involved in natural immunity that have the right to bind mannosylated microorganisms and also activate the complement pathway. Procession Gla p. (MGP) a calcium binding p.. Microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) proteins that have a specific association through α- and/or β-tubulin; e.g., tau, MAP1, MAP2; several have been found in the plaques it was observed in Alzheimer disease. Monoclonal p. SYN: monoclonal immunoglobulin. Monocyte chemoattractant p. A cytokine connected in monocyte migration. Monocyte chemoattractant p.-1 (MCP-1) secreted through endothelial cells of a blood ship wall; it induces extravasation the monocytes. Muscle proteins proteins present in muscle. Myelin p. A1 SYN: encephalithogenic p.. Native p. The principle of a p. In its organic state, in the cell, unaltered by heat, chemicals, enzyme action, or the exigencies of extraction. Neutrophil-activating p. Old term for interleukin-8. Non-heme steel p. Any kind of p. Include iron but not any type of heme iron; e.g., NADH dehydrogenase. Nonspecific p. A p. Substance that elicits a solution not mediated by particular antigen-antibody reaction. Odorant binding p. Protein in nasal rubber that tie lipophilic odor-producing molecules and transfer them to the olfactory receptors. Similar proteins may mediate taste. P. P53 a multifunctional p. That modulates gene transcription and controls DNA repair, apoptosis, and the cell cycle. Parathyroid hormonelike p. (PLP) SYN: parathyroid hormone-related p.. Parathyroid hormone-related p. A 140–amino mountain p. Secreted by some cancer cells; it reasons hypercalcemia. SYN: parathyroid hormonelike p.. Pathologic proteins paraprotein. Peripheral proteins pathways that have the right to be quickly removed from a biomembrane ( E.G., by transforming the pH or the ionic strength). SYN: extrinsic proteins. Phenylthiocarbamoyl p. Formed by the reaction the phenylisothiocyanate with a terminal α-amino group of a peptide or p. View ALSO: phenylisothiocyanate, phenylthiohydantoin. SYN: PhNCS p., PTC p.. PhNCS p. SYN: phenylthiocarbamoyl p.. P. Phosphatases a course of enzymes the catalyze the dephosphorylation of certain phosphorylated proteins. Placenta p. SYN: person placental lactogen. Plasma proteins liquified proteins (>100) that blood plasma, mainly albumins and globulins (normally 6–8 g/100 mL); castle hold fluid in blood ship by osmosis and include antibodies and also blood-clotting proteins. SYN: serum proteins. Prion p. (PrP) SYN: prion. Security p. SYN: antibody. PTC p. SYN: phenylthiocarbamoyl p.. Purified placental p. SYN: human placental lactogen. Receptor p. An intracellular p. (or p. Fraction) that has a high certain affinity for binding a known stimulus to cellular activity, such together a steroid hormone or adenosene 3′,5′-cyclic phosphate. Retinol-binding p. A plasma p. The binds and transports retinol. S p. The major fragment created from pancreatic ribonuclease by the limited action that subtilisin, i m sorry cleaves the ribonuclease between residues 20 and 21; the smaller sized fragment (residues 1–20) is S peptide. P. S a vitamin K-dependent antithrombotic p. That features as a cofactor v activated p. C. Serum protein SYN: plasma proteins. Straightforward p. P. That yields just α-amino mountain or their derivatives by hydrolysis; e.g., albumins, globulins, glutelins, prolamines, albuminoids, histones, protamines. Cf.:conjugated p.. Stimulatory p. 1 (SP1) one RNA polymerase II transcription factor in vertebrates; binding to DNA in areas rich in G and C residues; a basic promoter-binding factor vital for the activation of countless genes. Structure proteins protein whose role is for structure and support in tissue and also within the cell; E.G., the collagens. Surfactant-specific protein the p. Components of pulmonary surfactant, consisting of surfactant p. A, B, C. Tamm-Horsfall p. Tamm-Horsfall mucoprotein. Thrombospondin-related adhesive p. Among two proteins (the other is circumsporozoite p.) associated in sporozoite acknowledgment of organize cells in malaria. Thyroxine-binding p. (TBP) 1. SYN: thyroxine-binding globulin. 2. SYN: thyroxine-binding prealbumin. Unwinding protein enzymes the uncoil the DNA enabling recombination occasions to occur. Vitamin D–binding p. (DBP) a plasma p. That binding vitamin D. Whey p. The soluble p. Consisted of in the whey of milk clotted by rennin; e.g., lactoglobulin, α-lactalbumin, lactoferrin. Z-p. A fatty acid–binding p. That participates in the intracellular movement of fat acids. SYN: fat acid–binding p..proteinaceous (pro′te-na′shus, pro′te-i-na′shus)Resembling a protein; possessing, to some degree, the physicochemical properties characteristic that proteins.